Wrinkles – Causes and Treatment Options

What Causes Wrinkles?

There are many factors that contribute to the onset of wrinkles. The following are the most significant:


wrinklesWrinkles are a by-product of the aging process. With age, skin cells divide slower, and the inner layer of the skin, called the dermis, begins to thin. The network of elastin and collagen fibers, which support the outer layer, loosens and unravels, which results in depressions on the surface. The scaffolding structure of the dermis, composed predominantly of Hyaluronic Acid that holds the collagen and elastin fibers deteriorates. With aging, skin loses its elasticity, becomes more fragile, and is less able to retain moisture. Oil secreting glands are less efficient which makes the skin drier, and more wrinkled.

Facial Muscle Contraction

Lines between the eyebrows (frown lines) and lines jutting out from the corners of the eyes (crow’s feet) develop because of underlying muscle contraction. Frowning, focusing, squinting, lip pursing, smiling and other habitual facial expressions cause these wrinkles to become more prominent. Over time, these expressions coupled with gravity contribute to the formation of cheek lines, , marionette lines, jowls and drooping eyelids.

Sun Damage

Excessive and unprotected exposure to the ultraviolet radiation (too much sun) will result in premature aging of the skin. This type of premature aging of the skin is called photoaging. The ultraviolet, sunrays that cause photoaging damage collagen fibers (the major structural proteins in the skin) and elastin fibers (the protein that allows the skin to stretch and retract). Both of these fibers are important components of the skin’s connective tissue and without them, the skin loses its strength and flexibility, leading to wrinkles.


Healthy skin perpetually regenerates (albeit slower as we age). Researchers have found that smoking causes a marked reduction in the production of new collagen. A lack of new collagen results in the development of wrinkles.

What Are the Treatment Options for Wrinkles?

Fortunately, there are many different safe and effective treatment options now available that can be used for the improvement of skin wrinkles.

At Art of SKIN Dermatology, Laser and Cosmetic Surgery, we currently offer the following Wrinkle Reduction treatments: