What is Contact Dermatitis?
Contact dermatitis is a rash that develops after your skin has touched or come into contact with a particular chemical. There are two types of contact dermatitis:
- Allergic contact dermatitis is a rash caused when you come into contact with something that you are allergic to, such as latex gloves, hair dye, and makeup or nail products.
- Irritant contact dermatitis develops from too much exposure to something that is irritating to the skin, such as chemicals or detergents.
Environmental factors such as the extreme dryness that we have in Alberta (extremely common) or even too much exposure to water (not as common) can contribute to irritant contact dermatitis in many cases. Diaper rash is a common example where the skin of a baby is easily irritated by a soiled diaper. Irritant and allergic contact dermatitis can occur simultaneously in the same patient.