Pediatric Skin Conditions
There are many skin conditions that can affect infants and children that may require the attention of a dermatologist, including, but not limited to:
- Eczema and other skin rashes
- Benign growths and tumours
- Hair and nail abnormalities
- Systemic illnesses with skin manifestations
Common Pediatric Skin Conditions
Atopic dermatitis is a very common skin condition that often presents itself during infancy or childhood. It is often worse in drier climates and during the winter months. Atopic dermatitis can cause significant discomfort for the infant/child and frustration for the parents when not treated effectively.
Seborrheic dermatitis (also called cradle cap) is a rash that begins as scaling and redness on a baby’s scalp. It is a non-infectious skin condition and can appear similar to eczema (atopic dermatitis). Seborrheic dermatitis is common in infants, usually beginning within the first weeks after birth and slowly disappearing over a period of weeks or months. However, this condition can also occur in adults. Conservative treatment can be of great benefit.
Roseola is a contagious illness caused by a virus and usually affects children between the ages of 6 months and 2 years. It presents with a high fever, which is followed by a pinkish-red flat or raised rash that appears first on the child’s torso before it spreads over the body. Supportive treatment can be of benefit.
Fifth disease is a highly contagious condition caused by the human parvovirus. The condition results in a facial rash that looks like the cheeks have been slapped, giving it its common name of slapped cheek disease. The rash may spread to the arms and thighs. Fifth disease usually affects school-aged children. It is transmitted through sneezing or coughing. The condition is self-limiting and does not usually require treatment.
Warts and Molluscum Contagiosum
Warts and molluscum contagiosum are viral infections that are passed by direct contact from one individual to another who does not yet have immunity to these viruses. The viruses are very common in children and are contagious. Left untreated, these lesions can spread not only to other people, but to a patient’s face and cause scarring.
A variety of treatment options are available.